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'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast

Redevelopment of Shenzhen’s Eastern coastline [CN]

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplan-no-fish-.jpg

Dapeng is a natural green peninsula with a 130km shoreline stretched around it, located in the bay between Hongkong and Shenzhen. In September 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees. An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplan-no-fish-.jpg

KCAP+FELIXX developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.  Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 32 kilometers of coastline, KCAP + FELIXX is developing this concept into 6 strategic implementation projects. Realization starts this year, and is expected to be completed in 2021.  

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TRIPLE DIKE

The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area. The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhance­ment of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves. It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which man­ages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city. All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.

felixx-shenzhenbay-tripledikestrategy.jpg

A productive Resilience strategy 

Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen. Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities.

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Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, connectivity from the water is enhanced. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples01.jpgTriple dike section: Guanhu

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples03.jpgTriple dike section: Moonbay

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples02.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan mangroves

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Shayuchong

 

 

Year

2019 - ongoing

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Water Resources Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality

Size

296 ha

Awards

1st prize

Publications

Archdaily
Archiscene
Architectenweb
De Architect
Dutch Water Sector
e-architect
gooood.cn
moool.com
Urbanica
Worldarchitecture

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
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  3. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  4. Campus Eemsdelta
  5. The Unbound Amsterdam
  6. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  7. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  8. Cartesius Quarter
  9. Public Space Alpen
  10. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  11. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  12. Jonas Amsterdam
  13. Healthy Tracks
  14. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  15. City Square Tyumen
  16. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  17. Strategic Urban Green Study
  18. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  19. ImageWharf
  20. Ódinstorg Square
  21. Overloon War Museum
  22. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  23. Ludlstrasse Munich
  24. Yaanila Country Park
  25. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  26. Villa Garden
  27. City life in the woods
  28. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  29. Socio-technical city of the future
  30. Buji River
  31. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  32. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  33. Maritime Campus Almere
  34. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  35. Sijthoff
  36. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  37. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  38. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  39. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  40. Fish Market Leuven
  41. Zinder Culture Cluster
  42. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  43. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  44. Strategic Plan Fier
  45. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  46. Kronenburg Business Park
  47. Dharavi Mumbai
  48. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  49. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  50. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  51. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  52. Berlin Am Volkspark
  53. The Museum of the 20th Century
  54. Gardabaer
  55. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  56. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  57. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  58. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  59. Danxia Recreational Park
  60. Campus Lelystad
  61. University Campus San Pedro
  62. Proto Tamansari
  63. City Gardens Tyumen
  64. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  65. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  66. Bandar Lampung Park
  67. R&D Campus Fengxian
  68. S-West Eindhoven
  69. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  70. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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