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'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast

Redevelopment of Shenzhen’s Eastern coastline

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Dapeng is a natural green peninsula with a 130km shoreline stretched around it, located in the bay between Hongkong and Shenzhen. In September 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees. An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events.

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KCAP+FELIXX developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.  Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 18 kilometers of coastline, KCAP + FELIXX is developing this concept into 6 strategic implementation projects. The realization started in 2019, and is expected to be completed in 2021.  

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TRIPLE DIKE

The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area. The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhance­ment of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves. It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which man­ages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city. All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.

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A productive Resilience strategy 

Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen. Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities.

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Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, connectivity from the water is enhanced. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples01.jpgTriple dike section: Guanhu

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples03.jpgTriple dike section: Moonbay

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples02.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan mangroves

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Shayuchong

 

 

Year

2019 - ongoing

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Water Resources Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality

Size

1500 ha

Awards

1st prize competition
WLA Award [shortlist]
Eurasia prize [winner]
IABR Rotterdam
RTF Awards 2021, 3rd place
A+ Awards 2021 - Winner

Publications

Archdaily
Archello
Archiscene
Architectenweb
Blauwe Kamer E-zine
Bright
De Architect
Dredging Today
Dutch Water Sector
e-architect
gooood.cn
GreenBiz
moool.com
Nexus Media News
Outdoor Design Source
QQ.com
Revitalization
Shekou Daily
Straatbeeld
Technisch Weekblad
Tenderstream
The Guardian
Urbanica
Worldarchitecture
Worldlandscapearchitecture

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Eemsdelta Campus
  2. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  3. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  4. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet, Utrecht
  5. Healthy Tracks
  6. Towards a healthy city by foot
  7. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  8. The Unbound Amsterdam
  9. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  10. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  11. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  12. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  13. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  14. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  15. Jonas Amsterdam
  16. A green entrance for the airport
  17. Public Space Alpen
  18. Cartesius Quarter
  19. Isle of Dikes
  20. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  21. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  22. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  23. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  24. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  25. City Square Tyumen
  26. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  27. Strategic Urban Green Study
  28. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  29. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  30. ImageWharf
  31. Ódinstorg Square
  32. Overloon War Museum
  33. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  34. Ludlstrasse Munich
  35. Yaanila Country Park
  36. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  37. Villa Garden
  38. City life in the woods
  39. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  40. Socio-technical city of the future
  41. Buji River
  42. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  43. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  44. Maritime Campus Almere
  45. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  46. Sijthoff
  47. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  48. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  49. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  50. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  51. Fish Market Leuven
  52. Zinder Culture Cluster
  53. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  54. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  55. Strategic Plan Fier
  56. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  57. Kronenburg Business Park
  58. Dharavi Mumbai
  59. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  60. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  61. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  62. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  63. Berlin Am Volkspark
  64. The Museum of the 20th Century
  65. Gardabaer
  66. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  67. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  68. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  69. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  70. Danxia Recreational Park
  71. Campus Lelystad
  72. Proto Tamansari
  73. City Gardens Tyumen
  74. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  75. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  76. Bandar Lampung Park
  77. R&D Campus Fengxian
  78. S-West Eindhoven
  79. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  80. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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