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'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast

Redevelopment of Shenzhen’s Eastern coastline [CN]

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Dapeng is a natural green peninsula with a 130km shoreline stretched around it, located in the bay between Hongkong and Shenzhen. In September 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees. An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events.

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KCAP+FELIXX developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.  Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 18 kilometers of coastline, KCAP + FELIXX is developing this concept into 6 strategic implementation projects. The realization started in 2019, and is expected to be completed in 2021.  

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TRIPLE DIKE

The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area. The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhance­ment of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves. It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which man­ages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city. All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.

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A productive Resilience strategy 

Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen. Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities.

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Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, connectivity from the water is enhanced. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples01.jpgTriple dike section: Guanhu

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples03.jpgTriple dike section: Moonbay

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples02.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan mangroves

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Shayuchong

 

 

Year

2019 - ongoing

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Eemsdelta Campus
  2. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  3. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  4. Towards a healthy city by foot
  5. Isle of Dikes
  6. Tuinen van West, Amsterdam
  7. A green entrance for the airport
  8. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  9. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  10. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  11. Cartesius Quarter
  12. Public Space Alpen
  13. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  14. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  15. Jonas Amsterdam
  16. Healthy Tracks
  17. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  18. City Square Tyumen
  19. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  20. Strategic Urban Green Study
  21. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  22. ImageWharf
  23. Ódinstorg Square
  24. Overloon War Museum
  25. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  26. Ludlstrasse Munich
  27. Yaanila Country Park
  28. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  29. Villa Garden
  30. City life in the woods
  31. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  32. Socio-technical city of the future
  33. Buji River
  34. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  35. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  36. Maritime Campus Almere
  37. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  38. Sijthoff
  39. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  40. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  41. City Extension Plan Yangon
  42. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  43. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  44. Fish Market Leuven
  45. Zinder Culture Cluster
  46. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  47. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  48. Strategic Plan Fier
  49. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  50. Kronenburg Business Park
  51. Dharavi Mumbai
  52. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  53. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  54. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  55. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  56. Berlin Am Volkspark
  57. The Museum of the 20th Century
  58. Gardabaer
  59. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  60. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  61. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  62. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  63. Danxia Recreational Park
  64. Campus Lelystad
  65. University Campus San Pedro
  66. Proto Tamansari
  67. City Gardens Tyumen
  68. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  69. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  70. Bandar Lampung Park
  71. R&D Campus Fengxian
  72. S-West Eindhoven
  73. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  74. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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