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'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast

Redevelopment of Shenzhen’s Eastern coastline

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Dapeng is a natural green peninsula with a 130km shoreline stretched around it, located in the bay between Hongkong and Shenzhen. In September 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees. An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events.

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KCAP+FELIXX developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.  Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 18 kilometers of coastline, KCAP + FELIXX is developing this concept into 6 strategic implementation projects. The realization started in 2019, and is expected to be completed in 2021.  

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TRIPLE DIKE

The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area. The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhance­ment of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves. It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which man­ages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city. All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.

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A productive Resilience strategy 

Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen. Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities.

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Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, connectivity from the water is enhanced. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples01.jpgTriple dike section: Guanhu

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples03.jpgTriple dike section: Moonbay

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples02.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan mangroves

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Shayuchong

 

 

Year

2019 - ongoing

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  4. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  5. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  6. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  7. Towards a healthy city by foot
  8. Isle of Dikes
  9. The Unbound Amsterdam
  10. A green entrance for the airport
  11. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  12. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  13. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  14. Cartesius Quarter
  15. Public Space Alpen
  16. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  17. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  18. Jonas Amsterdam
  19. Healthy Tracks
  20. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  21. City Square Tyumen
  22. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  23. Strategic Urban Green Study
  24. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  25. ImageWharf
  26. Ódinstorg Square
  27. Overloon War Museum
  28. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  29. Ludlstrasse Munich
  30. Yaanila Country Park
  31. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  32. Villa Garden
  33. City life in the woods
  34. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  35. Socio-technical city of the future
  36. Buji River
  37. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  38. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  39. Maritime Campus Almere
  40. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  41. Sijthoff
  42. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  43. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  44. City Extension Plan Yangon
  45. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  46. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  47. Fish Market Leuven
  48. Zinder Culture Cluster
  49. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  50. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  51. Strategic Plan Fier
  52. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  53. Kronenburg Business Park
  54. Dharavi Mumbai
  55. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  56. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  57. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  58. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  59. Berlin Am Volkspark
  60. The Museum of the 20th Century
  61. Gardabaer
  62. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  63. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  64. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  65. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  66. Danxia Recreational Park
  67. Campus Lelystad
  68. University Campus San Pedro
  69. Proto Tamansari
  70. City Gardens Tyumen
  71. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  72. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  73. Bandar Lampung Park
  74. R&D Campus Fengxian
  75. S-West Eindhoven
  76. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  77. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
  78. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
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