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'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast

Redevelopment of Shenzhen’s Eastern coastline

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Dapeng is a natural green peninsula with a 130km shoreline stretched around it, located in the bay between Hongkong and Shenzhen. In September 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees. An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events.

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KCAP+FELIXX developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.  Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 18 kilometers of coastline, KCAP + FELIXX is developing this concept into 6 strategic implementation projects. The realization started in 2019, and is expected to be completed in 2021.  

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TRIPLE DIKE

The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area. The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhance­ment of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves. It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which man­ages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city. All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.

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A productive Resilience strategy 

Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen. Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities.

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Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, connectivity from the water is enhanced. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples01.jpgTriple dike section: Guanhu

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples03.jpgTriple dike section: Moonbay

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples02.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan mangroves

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Shayuchong

 

 

Year

2019 - ongoing

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  4. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  5. Towards a healthy city by foot
  6. Isle of Dikes
  7. The Unbound Amsterdam
  8. A green entrance for the airport
  9. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  10. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  11. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  12. Cartesius Quarter
  13. Public Space Alpen
  14. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  15. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  16. Jonas Amsterdam
  17. Healthy Tracks
  18. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  19. City Square Tyumen
  20. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  21. Strategic Urban Green Study
  22. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  23. ImageWharf
  24. Ódinstorg Square
  25. Overloon War Museum
  26. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  27. Ludlstrasse Munich
  28. Yaanila Country Park
  29. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  30. Villa Garden
  31. City life in the woods
  32. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  33. Socio-technical city of the future
  34. Buji River
  35. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  36. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  37. Maritime Campus Almere
  38. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  39. Sijthoff
  40. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  41. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  42. City Extension Plan Yangon
  43. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  44. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  45. Fish Market Leuven
  46. Zinder Culture Cluster
  47. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  48. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  49. Strategic Plan Fier
  50. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  51. Kronenburg Business Park
  52. Dharavi Mumbai
  53. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  54. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  55. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  56. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  57. Berlin Am Volkspark
  58. The Museum of the 20th Century
  59. Gardabaer
  60. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  61. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  62. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  63. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  64. Danxia Recreational Park
  65. Campus Lelystad
  66. University Campus San Pedro
  67. Proto Tamansari
  68. City Gardens Tyumen
  69. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  70. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  71. Bandar Lampung Park
  72. R&D Campus Fengxian
  73. S-West Eindhoven
  74. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  75. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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