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'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast

Redevelopment of Shenzhen’s Eastern coastline

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Dapeng is a natural green peninsula with a 130km shoreline stretched around it, located in the bay between Hongkong and Shenzhen. In September 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees. An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events.

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KCAP+FELIXX developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.  Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 18 kilometers of coastline, KCAP + FELIXX is developing this concept into 6 strategic implementation projects. The realization started in 2019, and is expected to be completed in 2021.  

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TRIPLE DIKE

The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area. The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhance­ment of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves. It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which man­ages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city. All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.

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A productive Resilience strategy 

Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen. Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities.

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Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, connectivity from the water is enhanced. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples01.jpgTriple dike section: Guanhu

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples03.jpgTriple dike section: Moonbay

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples02.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Dongshan mangroves

felixx-shenzhenbay-masterplanprinciples05.jpgTriple dike section: Shayuchong

 

 

Year

2019 - ongoing

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Water Resources Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality

Size

1500 ha

Awards

1st prize competition
WLA Award [shortlist]
Eurasia prize [winner]
IABR Rotterdam
RTF Awards 2021, 3rd place
A+ Awards 2021 - Winner

Publications

Archdaily
Archello
Archiscene
Architectenweb
Blauwe Kamer E-zine
Bright
De Architect
Dredging Today
Dutch Water Sector
e-architect
gooood.cn
GreenBiz
moool.com
Nexus Media News
Outdoor Design Source
QQ.com
Revitalization
Shekou Daily
Straatbeeld
Technisch Weekblad
Tenderstream
The Guardian
Urbanica
Worldarchitecture
Worldlandscapearchitecture

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Design Guide Public Space, Groningen
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  4. Railroad Zone Amsterdam
  5. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  6. Rijnvliet, Edible Neighborhood
  7. Healthy Tracks
  8. Towards a healthy city by foot
  9. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  10. The Unbound Amsterdam
  11. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  12. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  13. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  14. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  15. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  16. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  17. Jonas Amsterdam
  18. A green entrance for the airport
  19. Public Space Alpen
  20. Cartesius Quarter
  21. Isle of Dikes
  22. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  23. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  24. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  25. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  26. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  27. City Square Tyumen
  28. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  29. Strategic Urban Green Study
  30. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  31. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  32. ImageWharf
  33. Ódinstorg Square
  34. Overloon War Museum
  35. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  36. Ludlstrasse Munich
  37. Yaanila Country Park
  38. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  39. Villa Garden
  40. City life in the woods
  41. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  42. Socio-technical city of the future
  43. Buji River
  44. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  45. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  46. Maritime Campus Almere
  47. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  48. Sijthoff
  49. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  50. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  51. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  52. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  53. Fish Market Leuven
  54. Zinder Culture Cluster
  55. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  56. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  57. Strategic Plan Fier
  58. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  59. Kronenburg Business Park
  60. Dharavi Mumbai
  61. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  62. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  63. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  64. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  65. Berlin Am Volkspark
  66. The Museum of the 20th Century
  67. Gardabaer
  68. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  69. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  70. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  71. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  72. Danxia Recreational Park
  73. Campus Lelystad
  74. Proto Tamansari
  75. City Gardens Tyumen
  76. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  77. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  78. Bandar Lampung Park
  79. R&D Campus Fengxian
  80. S-West Eindhoven
  81. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  82. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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