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Regulateur Gruno district

Collective green oasis

The post-war neighborhood Gruno in Groningen is experiencing significant development and transformation. The large-scale neighborhood renewal includes a new urban plan for a completely new neighborhood that meets today's requirements, with nice, light, sustainable homes for everyone. The recently completed residential building Regulateur is the sixth block in the renovated neighborhood for which Felixx designed the collective courtyard.

The Gruno district is located within walking distance of the train station, between the liveliness of the city center and the green public park. With its diverse housing types, a variety of residents, and homes featuring street-facing front doors, the neighborhood maintains a vibrant and lively atmosphere. De Regulateur, designed by De Zwarte Hond, is an energy-efficient, compact residential building with 105 apartments, including 79 social rental homes and 26 mid-market rental homes, around a spacious courtyard. It typologically builds on the tradition of Groningen almshouses and responds to the question of how you can live in an urban environment in a green way.

Collective green oasis

The courtyard of the Regulateur is an attractive green oasis that has been designed in a climate-adaptive manner. Because parking has been solved centrally in the neighborhood in a parking house, space for greenery and social encounters could be realized in the inner garden. In line with a future-proof courtyard, various climate-adaptive measures have been included in the design, such as delayed rainwater drainage, wadis and a wide variety of planting in different layers.

The wide entrances provide direct access to the courtyard and the communal bicycle shed. All housing types have their private outdoor areas facing inward, fostering a sense of community "around the garden." This peaceful and green oasis fosters neighborly interactions, providing ample opportunities for pleasant conversations. The garden's thoughtfully designed landscape includes a mix of shell paths, a captivating main pathway with a bridge, stepping stones, various seating elements, and lush plantings, making it a welcoming green haven for residents and visitors alike.


Typical of the layout of the inner garden is that it consists of several layers and terrain heights. The garden has a flowery layer of grass, perennials in various heights, bushes, shrubs, trees and climbing plants. The undergrowth forms an attractive, dense cover of diverse leaf structures and natural-looking colors and blooms throughout the year. The ascending blooming accent layer creates a play between high and low; private and collective. It guides the eye of the resident through beautiful colors and structures and at the same time offers space and privacy for the terraces on the outside. In addition to the middle layer, trees create volume that separates private gardens from the collective courtyard.

In addition to the inner garden, the building facades will come alive with vertical green. All plant species were carefully selected to endure wet and shady conditions, based on insights from an insolation study and water storage analysis specific to this Groningen courtyard.


2019 - 2023


Grunobuurt Groningen


Landscape, Public Space




1050 m2


2023 Groninger Architectuurprijs [3rd prize]
2023 The Plan Award [nominated]


Groninger Architectuurprijs

Team & partners

Michiel van Driessche
Deborah Lambert
Marnix Vink
Freek Boerwinkel
Cayn Willemsen
Thijs van de Zouwen
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
De Zwarte Hond

Eva Bloem

  1. Rijnvliet, Edible Neighborhood
  2. Vief Kwartier
  3. The Newton
  4. Regulateur Gruno district
  5. Eemsdelta Campus
  6. Jonas Amsterdam
  7. K64 keflavík airport area masterplan
  8. Railroad Zone Amsterdam
  9. From node to place
  10. Masterplan Flora Campus Westland
  11. Alongside the Schie
  12. New Space - Design Guideline Liveability of Public Space, Groningen
  13. From Airport to Birdport
  14. Brainport Industries Campus
  15. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  16. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  17. Healthy Tracks
  18. Towards a healthy city by foot
  19. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  20. The Unbound Amsterdam
  21. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  22. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  23. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  24. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  25. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  26. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  27. A green entrance for the airport
  28. Public Space Alpen
  29. Cartesius Quarter
  30. Isle of Dikes
  31. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  32. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  33. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  34. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  35. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  36. City Square Tyumen
  37. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  38. Strategic Urban Green Study
  39. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  40. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  41. ImageWharf
  42. Ódinstorg Square
  43. Overloon War Museum
  44. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  45. Ludlstrasse Munich
  46. Yaanila Country Park
  47. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  48. Villa Garden
  49. City life in the woods
  50. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  51. Socio-technical city of the future
  52. Buji River
  53. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  54. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  55. Maritime Campus Almere
  56. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  57. Sijthoff
  58. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  59. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  60. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  61. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  62. Fish Market Leuven
  63. Zinder Culture Cluster
  64. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  65. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  66. Strategic Plan Fier
  67. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  68. Kronenburg Business Park
  69. Dharavi Mumbai
  70. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  71. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  72. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  73. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  74. Berlin Am Volkspark
  75. The Museum of the 20th Century
  76. Gardabaer
  77. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  78. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  79. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  80. 5YN3RGY
  81. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  82. Danxia Recreational Park
  83. Campus Lelystad
  84. Proto Tamansari
  85. City Gardens Tyumen
  86. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  87. Bandar Lampung Park
  88. R&D Campus Fengxian
  89. S-West Eindhoven
  90. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  91. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
  92. Barendrecht Vrouwenpolder
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