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Regulateur Gruno district

Collective green oasis

The post-war neighborhood Gruno in Groningen is experiencing significant development and transformation. The large-scale neighborhood renewal includes a new urban plan for a completely new neighborhood that meets today's requirements, with nice, light, sustainable homes for everyone. The recently completed residential building Regulateur is the sixth block in the renovated neighborhood for which Felixx designed the collective courtyard.

The Gruno district is located within walking distance of the train station, between the liveliness of the city center and the green public park. With its diverse housing types, a variety of residents, and homes featuring street-facing front doors, the neighborhood maintains a vibrant and lively atmosphere. De Regulateur, designed by De Zwarte Hond, is an energy-efficient, compact residential building with 105 apartments, including 79 social rental homes and 26 mid-market rental homes, around a spacious courtyard. It typologically builds on the tradition of Groningen almshouses and responds to the question of how you can live in an urban environment in a green way.

Collective green oasis

The courtyard of the Regulateur is an attractive green oasis that has been designed in a climate-adaptive manner. Because parking has been solved centrally in the neighborhood in a parking house, space for greenery and social encounters could be realized in the inner garden. In line with a future-proof courtyard, various climate-adaptive measures have been included in the design, such as delayed rainwater drainage, wadis and a wide variety of planting in different layers.

The wide entrances provide direct access to the courtyard and the communal bicycle shed. All housing types have their private outdoor areas facing inward, fostering a sense of community "around the garden." This peaceful and green oasis fosters neighborly interactions, providing ample opportunities for pleasant conversations. The garden's thoughtfully designed landscape includes a mix of shell paths, a captivating main pathway with a bridge, stepping stones, various seating elements, and lush plantings, making it a welcoming green haven for residents and visitors alike.


Typical of the layout of the inner garden is that it consists of several layers and terrain heights. The garden has a flowery layer of grass, perennials in various heights, bushes, shrubs, trees and climbing plants. The undergrowth forms an attractive, dense cover of diverse leaf structures and natural-looking colors and blooms throughout the year. The ascending blooming accent layer creates a play between high and low; private and collective. It guides the eye of the resident through beautiful colors and structures and at the same time offers space and privacy for the terraces on the outside. In addition to the middle layer, trees create volume that separates private gardens from the collective courtyard.

In addition to the inner garden, the building facades will come alive with vertical green. All plant species were carefully selected to endure wet and shady conditions, based on insights from an insolation study and water storage analysis specific to this Groningen courtyard.


2019 - 2023


Grunobuurt Groningen


Landscape, Public Space




1050 m2


2023 Groninger Architectuurprijs [3rd prize]
2023 The Plan Award [nominated]


Groninger Architectuurprijs

Team & partners

Michiel van Driessche
Deborah Lambert
Marnix Vink
Freek Boerwinkel
Cayn Willemsen
Thijs van de Zouwen
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
De Zwarte Hond

Eva Bloem

  1. Regulateur Gruno district
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. Jonas Amsterdam
  5. Rijnvliet, Edible Neighborhood
  6. Railroad Zone Amsterdam
  9. Alongside the Schie
  10. New Space - Design Guideline Liveability of Public Space, Groningen
  11. From Airport to Birdport
  12. Brainport Industries Campus
  13. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  14. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  15. Healthy Tracks
  16. Towards a healthy city by foot
  17. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  18. The Unbound Amsterdam
  19. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  20. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  21. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  22. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  23. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  24. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  25. A green entrance for the airport
  26. Public Space Alpen
  27. Cartesius Quarter
  28. Isle of Dikes
  29. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  30. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  31. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  32. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  33. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  34. City Square Tyumen
  35. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  36. Strategic Urban Green Study
  37. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  38. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  39. ImageWharf
  40. Ódinstorg Square
  41. Overloon War Museum
  42. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  43. Ludlstrasse Munich
  44. Yaanila Country Park
  45. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  46. Villa Garden
  47. City life in the woods
  48. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  49. Socio-technical city of the future
  50. Buji River
  51. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  52. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  53. Maritime Campus Almere
  54. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  55. Sijthoff
  56. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  57. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  58. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  59. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  60. Fish Market Leuven
  61. Zinder Culture Cluster
  62. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  63. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  64. Strategic Plan Fier
  65. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  66. Kronenburg Business Park
  67. Dharavi Mumbai
  68. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  69. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  70. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  71. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  72. Berlin Am Volkspark
  73. The Museum of the 20th Century
  74. Gardabaer
  75. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  76. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  77. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  78. 5YN3RGY
  79. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  80. Danxia Recreational Park
  81. Campus Lelystad
  82. Proto Tamansari
  83. City Gardens Tyumen
  84. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  85. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  86. Bandar Lampung Park
  87. R&D Campus Fengxian
  88. S-West Eindhoven
  89. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  90. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
  91. Barendrecht Vrouwenpolder
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