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Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard

Shenzhen’s Triple Dike coastal defense

In 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the coastline of the Dapeng peninsula to various degrees. In 2019, team KCAP+FELIXX was selected to develop plans to restore the coastline and raise protection standards. The team developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the 130 kilometer long shore. Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration, and merged with social and economic growth.

COASTAL COMMUNITIES

Along the shore, several villages originate from fishing communities. The application of the triple-dike strategy provides these coastal communities with a framework to enhance their existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. 

YANGMEIKENG

In May 2020 the Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard was the first of six strategic development areas where the construction of the coastal defense was completed. On a 500m long strip, the performance of proposed nature-based strategies for the sea wall are tested, and materialization principles are explored and refined. The realization of this ‘demonstration zone’ is the first milestone in the construction of 18 kilometers of embankment by 2021. 

TRIPLE DIKE

The three protective zones of the ‘Triple Dike’ strengthen the character of Yangmeikeng, as a fortress in the green. The design evades the introduction of a grand metropolitan scale and supports the organic village life. The varied design of the different areas invites users to engage in diverse activities; to go for a swim, have a picnic with friends or take a long walk along the boulevard.


The first protective zone consists of ‘wave-gardens’, mitigating the impact of the flow during storms. They are planted with robust beach vegetation and rocks, and offer places for picnicking, to enjoy the view on the beach.


The middle zone is composed of a sequence of shifting walls, with different heights. They create plazas and sheltered terraces on different levels, connected by a scenic walk.


The third zone is formed by a collection of ‘rain-gardens’, as part of the communal space. The lush vegetation of trees and shrubs blends with the adjacent mountains, and offers covered and shaded places. The gardens collect and infiltrate rainwater and wave overflow.

Walls and pavement blend in with the sand color of the beach. The materialization illustrates the characteristics of the three dike zones: more delicate materials are used for sheltered places, robust and solid elements are used for the exposed zones.


Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard, before and after photographs

Year

2019 - 2020

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Water Resources Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality

Size

42 ha

Awards

1st prize competition
WLA Award [shortlist]
Eurasia prize [winner]
IABR Rotterdam
RTF Awards 2021, 3rd place

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Design Guide Public Space, Groningen
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  4. Railroad Zone Amsterdam
  5. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  6. Rijnvliet, Edible Neighborhood
  7. Healthy Tracks
  8. Towards a healthy city by foot
  9. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  10. The Unbound Amsterdam
  11. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  12. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  13. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  14. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  15. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  16. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  17. Jonas Amsterdam
  18. A green entrance for the airport
  19. Public Space Alpen
  20. Cartesius Quarter
  21. Isle of Dikes
  22. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  23. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  24. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  25. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  26. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  27. City Square Tyumen
  28. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  29. Strategic Urban Green Study
  30. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  31. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  32. ImageWharf
  33. Ódinstorg Square
  34. Overloon War Museum
  35. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  36. Ludlstrasse Munich
  37. Yaanila Country Park
  38. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  39. Villa Garden
  40. City life in the woods
  41. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  42. Socio-technical city of the future
  43. Buji River
  44. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  45. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  46. Maritime Campus Almere
  47. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  48. Sijthoff
  49. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  50. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  51. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  52. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  53. Fish Market Leuven
  54. Zinder Culture Cluster
  55. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  56. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  57. Strategic Plan Fier
  58. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  59. Kronenburg Business Park
  60. Dharavi Mumbai
  61. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  62. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  63. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  64. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  65. Berlin Am Volkspark
  66. The Museum of the 20th Century
  67. Gardabaer
  68. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  69. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  70. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  71. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  72. Danxia Recreational Park
  73. Campus Lelystad
  74. Proto Tamansari
  75. City Gardens Tyumen
  76. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  77. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  78. Bandar Lampung Park
  79. R&D Campus Fengxian
  80. S-West Eindhoven
  81. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  82. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
  83. Brainport Industries Campus
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