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Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard

Shenzhen’s Triple Dike coastal defense

In 2018, the typhoon Mangkhut damaged the coastline of the Dapeng peninsula to various degrees. In 2019, team KCAP+FELIXX was selected to develop plans to restore the coastline and raise protection standards. The team developed the ‘Triple dike strategy’, an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the 130 kilometer long shore. Water safety strategies are connected to eco-development and nature restoration, and merged with social and economic growth.

COASTAL COMMUNITIES

Along the shore, several villages originate from fishing communities. The application of the triple-dike strategy provides these coastal communities with a framework to enhance their existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth. The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities. 

YANGMEIKENG

In May 2020 the Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard was the first of six strategic development areas where the construction of the coastal defense was completed. On a 500m long strip, the performance of proposed nature-based strategies for the sea wall are tested, and materialization principles are explored and refined. The realization of this ‘demonstration zone’ is the first milestone in the construction of 18 kilometers of embankment by 2021. 

TRIPLE DIKE

The three protective zones of the ‘Triple Dike’ strengthen the character of Yangmeikeng, as a fortress in the green. The design evades the introduction of a grand metropolitan scale and supports the organic village life. The varied design of the different areas invites users to engage in diverse activities; to go for a swim, have a picnic with friends or take a long walk along the boulevard.


The first protective zone consists of ‘wave-gardens’, mitigating the impact of the flow during storms. They are planted with robust beach vegetation and rocks, and offer places for picnicking, to enjoy the view on the beach.


The middle zone is composed of a sequence of shifting walls, with different heights. They create plazas and sheltered terraces on different levels, connected by a scenic walk.


The third zone is formed by a collection of ‘rain-gardens’, as part of the communal space. The lush vegetation of trees and shrubs blends with the adjacent mountains, and offers covered and shaded places. The gardens collect and infiltrate rainwater and wave overflow.

Walls and pavement blend in with the sand color of the beach. The materialization illustrates the characteristics of the three dike zones: more delicate materials are used for sheltered places, robust and solid elements are used for the exposed zones.


Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard, before and after photographs

Year

2019 - 2020

Location

Shenzhen, China

Type

Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Water Resources Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality

Size

42 ha

Awards

1st prize competition
WLA Award [shortlist]
Eurasia prize [winner]
IABR Rotterdam
RTF Awards 2021, 3rd place

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Maria E. Castrillo
Fangfei Liu
Ramona Stiehl
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Klaudio Ruci
Ilva Mishtaku
Natalia Andreeva
Zamira Abazi
Nancy Smolka
Naya Tzika-Kostopoulou
Shuangyun Chen
KCAP
Deltares
Hope Landscape & Architecture
China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute

List
  1. Eemsdelta Campus
  2. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  3. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  4. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  5. Healthy Tracks
  6. Towards a healthy city by foot
  7. The Unbound Amsterdam
  8. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  9. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  10. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  11. Jonas Amsterdam
  12. A green entrance for the airport
  13. Public Space Alpen
  14. Cartesius Quarter
  15. Isle of Dikes
  16. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  17. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  18. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  19. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  20. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  21. City Square Tyumen
  22. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  23. Strategic Urban Green Study
  24. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  25. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  26. ImageWharf
  27. Ódinstorg Square
  28. Overloon War Museum
  29. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  30. Ludlstrasse Munich
  31. Yaanila Country Park
  32. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  33. Villa Garden
  34. City life in the woods
  35. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  36. Socio-technical city of the future
  37. Buji River
  38. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  39. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  40. Maritime Campus Almere
  41. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  42. Sijthoff
  43. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  44. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  45. City Extension Plan Yangon
  46. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  47. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  48. Fish Market Leuven
  49. Zinder Culture Cluster
  50. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  51. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  52. Strategic Plan Fier
  53. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  54. Kronenburg Business Park
  55. Dharavi Mumbai
  56. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  57. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  58. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  59. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  60. Berlin Am Volkspark
  61. The Museum of the 20th Century
  62. Gardabaer
  63. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  64. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  65. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  66. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  67. Danxia Recreational Park
  68. Campus Lelystad
  69. University Campus San Pedro
  70. Proto Tamansari
  71. City Gardens Tyumen
  72. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  73. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  74. Bandar Lampung Park
  75. R&D Campus Fengxian
  76. S-West Eindhoven
  77. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  78. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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