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Dharavi Mumbai

Street-led Slum Upgrading

Dharavi is the largest informal settlement of Mumbai, and one of the biggest slums worldwide. Its central location in Mumbai’s metropolitan region puts a high pressure on the area, resulting in bold plans during the last years for the development of a glamorous urban district.

Felixx developed an alternative strategy, building on the paradigm shift in the common approach towards slum upgrading. Boundary defined redevelopment projects are replaced by citywide strategies. Slums are no longer considered isolated islands of poverty, but rather deprived neighborhoods within the city. They are an integral part of the overall city system, but spatially segregated due to the absence of streets and open spaces.

 felixx-dharavi-diagram.jpg

By investing in the common good and upgrading public spaces, the plan aims to reintegrate Dharavi into the city and facilitate gradual redevelopment. This street-led approach consists of three strategies, dealing with infrastructure & mobility, water & sanitation and regeneration & development. All measurements are integrated in the redesigned streets. Existing streets are up- and downgraded into a hierarchic network, allowing for different traffic modalities to be used. Different water structures are connected to prevent stagnant water and drain it to the river. Infiltration zones slow down rainwater runoff, sewage networks collect waste water, and clean water supplies are provided to make Dharavi a healthy and climate proof place. The upgraded streets connect neighborhoods, businesses and social activities. They formulate the base for legislation, enabling every company and household to get an address. Central squares in each neighborhood establish social and economic focal points. These places formulate new identity carriers and allow for the celebration of the diverse characteristics within every single community of Dharavi.

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The three strategies are integrated into a dynamic public space framework, controlling the different strategies within a participatory process. The framework deals with a variety of interests, from local entrepreneurs to international developers, and connects different scale levels, from Mumbai Metropolitan Region to Dharavi’s different nagars. As such it serves as a tool to outline these different aspects within an extensive participatory process. It serves two main goals, it boosts gradual redevelopment by identifying public space qualities, and it sets conditions for these developments by determining the capacity of the infrastructural network. As a game board, the public space framework shows the meaning and influence of different measures, how they could strengthen or preclude each other. Connecting different scales and interests into a balanced and supported framework.

Year

2014

Location

Mumbai, India

Type

Research, Masterplan

Client

UDRI

Size

217 ha

Awards

Honorable mention

Publications

Architectuur.org
The Guardian
Architecture Lab
LAN-India
Landezine

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Willemijn van Manen
Carlijn Klomp
Laura Spenkelink
Steven Broekhof
Studio OXL
IHS Erasmus University
Nasvi
Paul van Kerkoerle

List
  1. Eemsdelta Campus
  2. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  3. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  4. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet, Utrecht
  5. Healthy Tracks
  6. Towards a healthy city by foot
  7. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  8. The Unbound Amsterdam
  9. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  10. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  11. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  12. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  13. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  14. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  15. Jonas Amsterdam
  16. A green entrance for the airport
  17. Public Space Alpen
  18. Cartesius Quarter
  19. Isle of Dikes
  20. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  21. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  22. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  23. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  24. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  25. City Square Tyumen
  26. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  27. Strategic Urban Green Study
  28. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  29. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  30. ImageWharf
  31. Ódinstorg Square
  32. Overloon War Museum
  33. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  34. Ludlstrasse Munich
  35. Yaanila Country Park
  36. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  37. Villa Garden
  38. City life in the woods
  39. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  40. Socio-technical city of the future
  41. Buji River
  42. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  43. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  44. Maritime Campus Almere
  45. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  46. Sijthoff
  47. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  48. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  49. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  50. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  51. Fish Market Leuven
  52. Zinder Culture Cluster
  53. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  54. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  55. Strategic Plan Fier
  56. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  57. Kronenburg Business Park
  58. Dharavi Mumbai
  59. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  60. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  61. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  62. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  63. Berlin Am Volkspark
  64. The Museum of the 20th Century
  65. Gardabaer
  66. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  67. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  68. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  69. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  70. Danxia Recreational Park
  71. Campus Lelystad
  72. Proto Tamansari
  73. City Gardens Tyumen
  74. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  75. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  76. Bandar Lampung Park
  77. R&D Campus Fengxian
  78. S-West Eindhoven
  79. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  80. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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