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Dharavi Mumbai

Street-led Slum Upgrading

Dharavi is the largest informal settlement of Mumbai, and one of the biggest slums worldwide. Its central location in Mumbai’s metropolitan region puts a high pressure on the area, resulting in bold plans during the last years for the development of a glamorous urban district.

Felixx developed an alternative strategy, building on the paradigm shift in the common approach towards slum upgrading. Boundary defined redevelopment projects are replaced by citywide strategies. Slums are no longer considered isolated islands of poverty, but rather deprived neighborhoods within the city. They are an integral part of the overall city system, but spatially segregated due to the absence of streets and open spaces.

 felixx-dharavi-diagram.jpg

By investing in the common good and upgrading public spaces, the plan aims to reintegrate Dharavi into the city and facilitate gradual redevelopment. This street-led approach consists of three strategies, dealing with infrastructure & mobility, water & sanitation and regeneration & development. All measurements are integrated in the redesigned streets. Existing streets are up- and downgraded into a hierarchic network, allowing for different traffic modalities to be used. Different water structures are connected to prevent stagnant water and drain it to the river. Infiltration zones slow down rainwater runoff, sewage networks collect waste water, and clean water supplies are provided to make Dharavi a healthy and climate proof place. The upgraded streets connect neighborhoods, businesses and social activities. They formulate the base for legislation, enabling every company and household to get an address. Central squares in each neighborhood establish social and economic focal points. These places formulate new identity carriers and allow for the celebration of the diverse characteristics within every single community of Dharavi.

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The three strategies are integrated into a dynamic public space framework, controlling the different strategies within a participatory process. The framework deals with a variety of interests, from local entrepreneurs to international developers, and connects different scale levels, from Mumbai Metropolitan Region to Dharavi’s different nagars. As such it serves as a tool to outline these different aspects within an extensive participatory process. It serves two main goals, it boosts gradual redevelopment by identifying public space qualities, and it sets conditions for these developments by determining the capacity of the infrastructural network. As a game board, the public space framework shows the meaning and influence of different measures, how they could strengthen or preclude each other. Connecting different scales and interests into a balanced and supported framework.

Year

2014

Location

Mumbai, India

Type

Research, Masterplan

Client

UDRI

Size

217 ha

Awards

Honorable mention

Publications

Architectuur.org
The Guardian
Architecture Lab
LAN-India
Landezine

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Willemijn van Manen
Carlijn Klomp
Laura Spenkelink
Steven Broekhof
Studio OXL
IHS Erasmus University
Nasvi
Paul van Kerkoerle

List
  1. Eemsdelta Campus
  2. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  3. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  4. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  5. Healthy Tracks
  6. Towards a healthy city by foot
  7. The Unbound Amsterdam
  8. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  9. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  10. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  11. Jonas Amsterdam
  12. A green entrance for the airport
  13. Public Space Alpen
  14. Cartesius Quarter
  15. Isle of Dikes
  16. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  17. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  18. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  19. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  20. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  21. City Square Tyumen
  22. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  23. Strategic Urban Green Study
  24. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  25. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  26. ImageWharf
  27. Ódinstorg Square
  28. Overloon War Museum
  29. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  30. Ludlstrasse Munich
  31. Yaanila Country Park
  32. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  33. Villa Garden
  34. City life in the woods
  35. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  36. Socio-technical city of the future
  37. Buji River
  38. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  39. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  40. Maritime Campus Almere
  41. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  42. Sijthoff
  43. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  44. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  45. City Extension Plan Yangon
  46. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  47. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  48. Fish Market Leuven
  49. Zinder Culture Cluster
  50. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  51. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  52. Strategic Plan Fier
  53. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  54. Kronenburg Business Park
  55. Dharavi Mumbai
  56. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  57. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  58. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  59. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  60. Berlin Am Volkspark
  61. The Museum of the 20th Century
  62. Gardabaer
  63. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  64. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  65. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  66. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  67. Danxia Recreational Park
  68. Campus Lelystad
  69. University Campus San Pedro
  70. Proto Tamansari
  71. City Gardens Tyumen
  72. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  73. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  74. Bandar Lampung Park
  75. R&D Campus Fengxian
  76. S-West Eindhoven
  77. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  78. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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