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Dharavi Mumbai

Street-led Slum Upgrading

Dharavi is the largest informal settlement of Mumbai, and one of the biggest slums worldwide. Its central location in Mumbai’s metropolitan region puts a high pressure on the area, resulting in bold plans during the last years for the development of a glamorous urban district.

Felixx developed an alternative strategy, building on the paradigm shift in the common approach towards slum upgrading. Boundary defined redevelopment projects are replaced by citywide strategies. Slums are no longer considered isolated islands of poverty, but rather deprived neighborhoods within the city. They are an integral part of the overall city system, but spatially segregated due to the absence of streets and open spaces.

 felixx-dharavi-diagram.jpg

By investing in the common good and upgrading public spaces, the plan aims to reintegrate Dharavi into the city and facilitate gradual redevelopment. This street-led approach consists of three strategies, dealing with infrastructure & mobility, water & sanitation and regeneration & development. All measurements are integrated in the redesigned streets. Existing streets are up- and downgraded into a hierarchic network, allowing for different traffic modalities to be used. Different water structures are connected to prevent stagnant water and drain it to the river. Infiltration zones slow down rainwater runoff, sewage networks collect waste water, and clean water supplies are provided to make Dharavi a healthy and climate proof place. The upgraded streets connect neighborhoods, businesses and social activities. They formulate the base for legislation, enabling every company and household to get an address. Central squares in each neighborhood establish social and economic focal points. These places formulate new identity carriers and allow for the celebration of the diverse characteristics within every single community of Dharavi.

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The three strategies are integrated into a dynamic public space framework, controlling the different strategies within a participatory process. The framework deals with a variety of interests, from local entrepreneurs to international developers, and connects different scale levels, from Mumbai Metropolitan Region to Dharavi’s different nagars. As such it serves as a tool to outline these different aspects within an extensive participatory process. It serves two main goals, it boosts gradual redevelopment by identifying public space qualities, and it sets conditions for these developments by determining the capacity of the infrastructural network. As a game board, the public space framework shows the meaning and influence of different measures, how they could strengthen or preclude each other. Connecting different scales and interests into a balanced and supported framework.

Year

2014

Location

Mumbai, India

Type

Research, Masterplan

Client

UDRI

Size

217 ha

Awards

Honorable mention

Publications

Architectuur.org
The Guardian
Architecture Lab
LAN-India
Landezine

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Willemijn van Manen
Carlijn Klomp
Laura Spenkelink
Steven Broekhof
Studio OXL
IHS Erasmus University
Nasvi
Paul van Kerkoerle

List
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  8. The Unbound Amsterdam
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  10. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  11. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  12. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  13. Cartesius Quarter
  14. Public Space Alpen
  15. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  16. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  17. Jonas Amsterdam
  18. Healthy Tracks
  19. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  20. City Square Tyumen
  21. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  22. Strategic Urban Green Study
  23. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  24. ImageWharf
  25. Ódinstorg Square
  26. Overloon War Museum
  27. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  28. Ludlstrasse Munich
  29. Yaanila Country Park
  30. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  31. Villa Garden
  32. City life in the woods
  33. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  34. Socio-technical city of the future
  35. Buji River
  36. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  37. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  38. Maritime Campus Almere
  39. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  40. Sijthoff
  41. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  42. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  43. City Extension Plan Yangon
  44. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  45. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  46. Fish Market Leuven
  47. Zinder Culture Cluster
  48. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  49. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  50. Strategic Plan Fier
  51. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  52. Kronenburg Business Park
  53. Dharavi Mumbai
  54. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  55. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  56. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  57. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  58. Berlin Am Volkspark
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  65. Danxia Recreational Park
  66. Campus Lelystad
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  68. Proto Tamansari
  69. City Gardens Tyumen
  70. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  71. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  72. Bandar Lampung Park
  73. R&D Campus Fengxian
  74. S-West Eindhoven
  75. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  76. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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