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Dharavi Mumbai

Street-led Slum Upgrading

Dharavi is the largest informal settlement of Mumbai, and one of the biggest slums worldwide. Its central location in Mumbai’s metropolitan region puts a high pressure on the area, resulting in bold plans during the last years for the development of a glamorous urban district.

Felixx developed an alternative strategy, building on the paradigm shift in the common approach towards slum upgrading. Boundary defined redevelopment projects are replaced by citywide strategies. Slums are no longer considered isolated islands of poverty, but rather deprived neighborhoods within the city. They are an integral part of the overall city system, but spatially segregated due to the absence of streets and open spaces.

 felixx-dharavi-diagram.jpg

By investing in the common good and upgrading public spaces, the plan aims to reintegrate Dharavi into the city and facilitate gradual redevelopment. This street-led approach consists of three strategies, dealing with infrastructure & mobility, water & sanitation and regeneration & development. All measurements are integrated in the redesigned streets. Existing streets are up- and downgraded into a hierarchic network, allowing for different traffic modalities to be used. Different water structures are connected to prevent stagnant water and drain it to the river. Infiltration zones slow down rainwater runoff, sewage networks collect waste water, and clean water supplies are provided to make Dharavi a healthy and climate proof place. The upgraded streets connect neighborhoods, businesses and social activities. They formulate the base for legislation, enabling every company and household to get an address. Central squares in each neighborhood establish social and economic focal points. These places formulate new identity carriers and allow for the celebration of the diverse characteristics within every single community of Dharavi.

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The three strategies are integrated into a dynamic public space framework, controlling the different strategies within a participatory process. The framework deals with a variety of interests, from local entrepreneurs to international developers, and connects different scale levels, from Mumbai Metropolitan Region to Dharavi’s different nagars. As such it serves as a tool to outline these different aspects within an extensive participatory process. It serves two main goals, it boosts gradual redevelopment by identifying public space qualities, and it sets conditions for these developments by determining the capacity of the infrastructural network. As a game board, the public space framework shows the meaning and influence of different measures, how they could strengthen or preclude each other. Connecting different scales and interests into a balanced and supported framework.

Year

2014

Location

Mumbai, India

Type

Research, Masterplan

Client

UDRI

Size

217 ha

Awards

Honorable mention

Publications

Architectuur.org
The Guardian
Architecture Lab
LAN-India
Landezine

Team & partners

Michiel van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Willemijn van Manen
Carlijn Klomp
Laura Spenkelink
Steven Broekhof
Studio OXL
IHS Erasmus University
Nasvi
Paul van Kerkoerle

List
  1. Cartesius Quarter
  2. Dietenbach Freiburg
  3. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  4. Public Space Alpen
  5. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  6. Jonas Amsterdam
  7. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  8. City Square Tyumen
  9. Dharavi Mumbai
  10. Bandar Lampung Park
  11. Strategic Urban Green Study
  12. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  13. Ódinstorg Square
  14. Ludlstrasse Munich
  15. Yaanila Country Park
  16. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  17. Villa Garden
  18. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  19. Socio-technical city of the future
  20. Buji River
  21. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  22. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  23. Maritime Campus Almere
  24. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  25. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  26. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  27. City Extension Plan Yangon
  28. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  29. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  30. Fish Market Leuven
  31. Zinder Culture Cluster
  32. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  33. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  34. Strategic Plan Fier
  35. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  36. Kronenburg Business Park
  37. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  38. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  39. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  40. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  41. Berlin Am Volkspark
  42. The Museum of the 20th Century
  43. Gardabaer
  44. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  45. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  46. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  47. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  48. Danxia Recreational Park
  49. University Campus San Pedro
  50. Proto Tamansari
  51. City Gardens Tyumen
  52. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  53. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  54. R&D Campus
  55. S-West Eindhoven
  56. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  57. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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