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Dharavi Mumbai

Street-led Slum Upgrading

Dharavi is the largest informal settlement of Mumbai, and one of the biggest slums worldwide. Its central location in Mumbai’s metropolitan region puts a high pressure on the area, resulting in bold plans during the last years for the development of a glamorous urban district.

Felixx developed an alternative strategy, building on the paradigm shift in the common approach towards slum upgrading. Boundary defined redevelopment projects are replaced by citywide strategies. Slums are no longer considered isolated islands of poverty, but rather deprived neighborhoods within the city. They are an integral part of the overall city system, but spatially segregated due to the absence of streets and open spaces.

 felixx-dharavi-diagram.jpg

By investing in the common good and upgrading public spaces, the plan aims to reintegrate Dharavi into the city and facilitate gradual redevelopment. This street-led approach consists of three strategies, dealing with infrastructure & mobility, water & sanitation and regeneration & development. All measurements are integrated in the redesigned streets. Existing streets are up- and downgraded into a hierarchic network, allowing for different traffic modalities to be used. Different water structures are connected to prevent stagnant water and drain it to the river. Infiltration zones slow down rainwater runoff, sewage networks collect waste water, and clean water supplies are provided to make Dharavi a healthy and climate proof place. The upgraded streets connect neighborhoods, businesses and social activities. They formulate the base for legislation, enabling every company and household to get an address. Central squares in each neighborhood establish social and economic focal points. These places formulate new identity carriers and allow for the celebration of the diverse characteristics within every single community of Dharavi.

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The three strategies are integrated into a dynamic public space framework, controlling the different strategies within a participatory process. The framework deals with a variety of interests, from local entrepreneurs to international developers, and connects different scale levels, from Mumbai Metropolitan Region to Dharavi’s different nagars. As such it serves as a tool to outline these different aspects within an extensive participatory process. It serves two main goals, it boosts gradual redevelopment by identifying public space qualities, and it sets conditions for these developments by determining the capacity of the infrastructural network. As a game board, the public space framework shows the meaning and influence of different measures, how they could strengthen or preclude each other. Connecting different scales and interests into a balanced and supported framework.

Year

2014

Location

Mumbai, India

Type

Research, Masterplan

Client

UDRI

Size

217 ha

Awards

Honorable mention

Publications

Architectuur.org
The Guardian
Architecture Lab
LAN-India
Landezine

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Willemijn van Manen
Carlijn Klomp
Laura Spenkelink
Steven Broekhof
Studio OXL
IHS Erasmus University
Nasvi
Paul van Kerkoerle

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  10. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  11. Bao’An G107 Corridor
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  15. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  16. Jonas Amsterdam
  17. Healthy Tracks
  18. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  19. City Square Tyumen
  20. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  21. Strategic Urban Green Study
  22. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  23. ImageWharf
  24. Ódinstorg Square
  25. Overloon War Museum
  26. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  27. Ludlstrasse Munich
  28. Yaanila Country Park
  29. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  30. Villa Garden
  31. City life in the woods
  32. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  33. Socio-technical city of the future
  34. Buji River
  35. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  36. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  37. Maritime Campus Almere
  38. Resilient Riverscape Berat
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  40. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  41. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  42. City Extension Plan Yangon
  43. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  44. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  45. Fish Market Leuven
  46. Zinder Culture Cluster
  47. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  48. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  49. Strategic Plan Fier
  50. Strategic Plan Elbasan
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  52. Dharavi Mumbai
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  54. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  55. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
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  57. Berlin Am Volkspark
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  69. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
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  72. R&D Campus Fengxian
  73. S-West Eindhoven
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  75. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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