JavaScript is off. Please enable it to view the full site.

Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel

A Neighborhood for Temporary Residents

The asylum seekers center in Ter Apel is the largest permanent reception center of the Netherlands. Located in the rural North of the country, it accommodates up to 2000 people. The reception centre is a short distance away from the surrounding villages and towns and is consequently set up as an independent village combining accommodation with facilities and services.

 felixx-terapel-birdeye.jpg

Ter Apel is the first destination for foreign nationals seeking asylum in the Netherlands: it is the central reception location. Three types of facilities are combined: an open temporary residence zone for newly arrived people; a closed zone for people who have exhausted all legal remedies, awaiting expulsion; and a secured area for unaccompanied kids. People reside in eight-person housing units and stay on average three to four weeks. Because the reception centre in Ter Apel is not a temporary facility, it is specifically designed for vulnerable and displaced persons, and optimized in regard of exploitation and sustainable performance. The plan is flexible and units can serve for different type of facilities, depending on the pressure.

The reception center of Ter Apel is designed as a neighborhood for temporary residents, and combines housing with schools, health facilities and sports program.

The 258 units are clustered in eight neighbourhoods arranged around a central park strip where the main facilities are located. A clear landscape framework allows for a natural orientation in what is an unfamiliar area for the residents. Spatial elements and structures guide the asylum seekers via public spaces to communal areas, and from there to their specific accommodation. felixx-terapel-scheme1.jpg  felixx-terapel-opening1.jpg

The entrance to the center is created by a green boulevard. It runs along the reception towards the central park. The primary school, with its characteristic secured inner world, is located right behind the reception: a safe haven with a focus on becoming acquainted with the Dutch education system and associated culture.

felixx-terapel-scheme2.jpg felixx-terapel-scheme2photo.jpg

The central park forms the public heart of the community, where the service buildings, facility centres, the sports and playing fields are located. The eight neighbourhoods are situated on both sides of this green strip. Each neighborhood connects to the park through a square with a facilities pavilion, serving as landmark, hangout and meeting place.

felixx-terapel-scheme3.jpg felixx-terapel-scheme3photo.jpg

The courtyards in each neighbourhood are individually designed and combine relaxing and socialising areas with playing facilities for children. The central section is sunken to create more privacy around the buildings. The elevated terrace zone which arises in this way, is covered with a canopy to encourage personal use. All housing units are accessed from the ground floor, also the upper level apartments, to activate the front zone and create the likeness with living in a village.

felixx-terapel-scheme4.jpg felixx-terapel-veranda.jpg

The areas between the various neighbourhoods are not programmed. Long grass, mown paths and trees provide an ambiance for rest and reflection.

felixx-terapel-scheme5.jpg felixx-terapel-scheme5photo.jpg

The new development of the COA Reception Centre for Asylum Seekers in Ter Apel was realized in an extremely short timeframe, while the refugee crisis reached extreme proportions. 8 neighbourhoods with 248 units, 8 laundry and distribution facilities, 2 offices, a health centre, a primary school and 3 daytime activity facilities were realised in 24 months, including  the demolition of the existing centre and the entire new construction of both underground and above ground infrastructure. Moreover the centre remained operational during the construction period.

Ter Apel is a permanent reception centre, which means medium and long-term investments can be made in sustainable methods and techniques. The Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) of the accommodation is 0 and hence energy neutral. This is achieved by applying high-grade insulation, high-yield heat recovery, concrete core activation, solar panels on all roofs and a high degree of prefabricated building components. The design achieves an A++++ energy label.

felixx-terapel-plan.jpg

Year

2014 - 2017

Location

Ter Apel, The Netherlands

Type

Masterplan, Public Space

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Laura Spenkelink
Fabrice Wack
Carlijn Klomp
Evelina Jusbasjeva
Willemijn Van Manen
Alexandra Merkulova
DeZwarteHond

List
  1. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  2. Campus Eemsdelta
  3. Cartesius Quarter
  4. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  5. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  6. Public Space Alpen
  7. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  8. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  9. Jonas Amsterdam
  10. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  11. City Square Tyumen
  12. Dharavi Mumbai
  13. Bandar Lampung Park
  14. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  15. Strategic Urban Green Study
  16. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  17. Ódinstorg Square
  18. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  19. Ludlstrasse Munich
  20. Yaanila Country Park
  21. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  22. Villa Garden
  23. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  24. Socio-technical city of the future
  25. Buji River
  26. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  27. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  28. Maritime Campus Almere
  29. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  30. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  31. Imagewharf
  32. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  33. City Extension Plan Yangon
  34. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  35. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  36. Fish Market Leuven
  37. Zinder Culture Cluster
  38. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  39. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  40. Strategic Plan Fier
  41. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  42. Kronenburg Business Park
  43. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  44. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  45. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  46. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  47. Berlin Am Volkspark
  48. The Museum of the 20th Century
  49. Gardabaer
  50. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  51. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  52. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  53. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  54. Danxia Recreational Park
  55. Campus Lelystad
  56. University Campus San Pedro
  57. Proto Tamansari
  58. City Gardens Tyumen
  59. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  60. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  61. R&D Campus Fengxian
  62. S-West Eindhoven
  63. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  64. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
All projects Previous 46 / 64 Next Back to top Show on the map 838 views