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Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht

An edible residential area

Rijnvliet is a new residential area in Utrecht. It is part of the Leidsche Rijn expansion area that provides 1000 new ground-based dwellings. The masterplan is developed by DeZwarteHond. Felixx designed the public space in the area as an edible, educative landscape. The layout is based on the principles of food forestry and developed in collaboration with residents and Æ – Food Forestry Development. 

The entire district is embedded within a productive landscape, integrating three values: food production, usage and nature. Therefore the principles to create a ‘food forest’ are merged with the functionalities required for the surrounding residential areas. 

Seven layers of the Food Forest 

Seven layers of a food forest

The realms are built up with multiple layers of plants, together forming an integrated ecosystem. The different vegetation types and species attract insects and organisms that enforce each other. There are seven layers:

  1. The canopy, consisting of original and planted large trees.
  2. Low trees, consisting of smaller trees or half-standards.
  3. Shrub layer of fruit and berry bushes.
  4. Herb layer of multiannual vegetables and herbs.
  5. Soil covers, a layer of plants that spread horizontally.
  6. Underground layer of plants that produce roots or tubers.
  7. Climbers, a vertical layer of climbing plants.

The central part of the neighborhood combines all these layers. The adjoining areas focus on one or more of the layers, thus establishing a distinctive character. Maintenance of the food forest will be done by the local residents, supervised by a forester. New residents receive a cookbook, filled with recipes based on the local ingredients growing in their street. The streets are named after one of the plants growing in it, accompanied by an educative subtitle explaining the use of the plants.

felixx-rijnvliet-visualzooms.jpg

Year

2017 - Current

Location

Utrecht, The Netherlands

Type

Landscape, Public Space

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Fieke Damen
Robert-Jan van der Linden
DeZwarteHond
Xavier San Giorgi – Æ Food Forestry Development

List
  1. Eemsdelta Campus
  2. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  3. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  4. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet Utrecht
  5. Healthy Tracks
  6. Towards a healthy city by foot
  7. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  8. The Unbound Amsterdam
  9. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  10. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  11. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  12. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  13. Jonas Amsterdam
  14. A green entrance for the airport
  15. Public Space Alpen
  16. Cartesius Quarter
  17. Isle of Dikes
  18. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  19. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  20. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  21. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  22. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  23. City Square Tyumen
  24. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  25. Strategic Urban Green Study
  26. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  27. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  28. ImageWharf
  29. Ódinstorg Square
  30. Overloon War Museum
  31. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  32. Ludlstrasse Munich
  33. Yaanila Country Park
  34. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  35. Villa Garden
  36. City life in the woods
  37. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  38. Socio-technical city of the future
  39. Buji River
  40. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  41. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  42. Maritime Campus Almere
  43. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  44. Sijthoff
  45. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  46. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  47. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  48. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  49. Fish Market Leuven
  50. Zinder Culture Cluster
  51. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  52. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  53. Strategic Plan Fier
  54. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  55. Kronenburg Business Park
  56. Dharavi Mumbai
  57. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  58. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  59. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  60. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  61. Berlin Am Volkspark
  62. The Museum of the 20th Century
  63. Gardabaer
  64. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  65. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  66. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  67. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  68. Danxia Recreational Park
  69. Campus Lelystad
  70. Proto Tamansari
  71. City Gardens Tyumen
  72. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  73. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  74. Bandar Lampung Park
  75. R&D Campus Fengxian
  76. S-West Eindhoven
  77. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  78. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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