JavaScript is off. Please enable it to view the full site.

Design Guide Public Space, Groningen


Commissioned by the municipality of Groningen, Felixx worked together with Goudappel, Stipo & Marco te Brömmelstroet on the ‘Leidraad Openbare Ruimte’ (Guide for the Public Space) of Groningen. The Guide is an inspiration document for a new kind of public space with less space for parked cars and bicycles and more space for green, sports, play and social interaction.


The starting point of the Guide is the street. That is where the human scale is most prevalent. In order to design streets for people, it is important to rethink the street as “a shared space,” a public space for people rather than a mere functional connection from point A to B.


Ten Dimensions
The Guide proposes a design method in which mobility is no longer normative but where accessibility, safety, perception, health, social interaction, ecology, climate adaptation, economics and cultural history together make up the street. By naming these ten dimensions at the outset, a new balance between all these interests is created.

Street typologies
A selection of fourteen street typologies has been developed that together represent the entire street network of the municipality of Groningen. This enables us to position each street within the urban fabric.

Now, Soon and Later 

In order to visualize the spatial tasks of the future street, street analyses, inventories and inspirational images are made of the current situation, the new street after a redevelopment and a possible development of the public street domain in a further future. We call these stages Now, Soon and Later.


Street profile of Bedumerstraat with graph of the ten dimensions. Now, soon & later.

Iconic places 
The ambitions of the Groningen municipality require a long-term change of mentality. The Guide offers an attractive future for Groningen, the city and the village centers. Something to look forward to. Therefore, iconic places have been selected in the Guide where a future dream is visualized. The ten dimensions of the street have been applied to three characteristic Groningen places with corresponding street typologies. Each place represents a specific identity and role within the planning context of the city in the past, the now, soon and later.

Inspirational image of the Hogeweg © Plomp

On  December 22nd, 2021, the City Council approved the Guide for reorganizing mobility and public space throughout Groningen. The document shows which dimensions are necessary for a high-quality public space and helps the conversation with inhabitants about the opportunities for a better quality of life in the streets, the neighborhoods, the city and villages.

A copy of the intergral Guide (in Dutch) can be downloaded as a pdf document here (LowRes 38Mb) or here (HighRes 100Mb).


2020 - 2021




Research, Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space


Groningen municipality


19800 ha


"Hoe langzaam is 30 kilometer per uur eigenlijk? - NRC

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
John de Groot
Elan Redekop van der Meulen
Cherk Ga Leung
Shuangyun Chen
Universiteit van Amsterdam

  1. Design Guide Public Space, Groningen
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  4. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  5. Urban Food Forest Rijnvliet, Utrecht
  6. Healthy Tracks
  7. Towards a healthy city by foot
  8. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  9. The Unbound Amsterdam
  10. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  11. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  12. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  13. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  14. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  15. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  16. Jonas Amsterdam
  17. A green entrance for the airport
  18. Public Space Alpen
  19. Cartesius Quarter
  20. Isle of Dikes
  21. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  22. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  23. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  24. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  25. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  26. City Square Tyumen
  27. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  28. Strategic Urban Green Study
  29. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  30. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  31. ImageWharf
  32. Ódinstorg Square
  33. Overloon War Museum
  34. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  35. Ludlstrasse Munich
  36. Yaanila Country Park
  37. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  38. Villa Garden
  39. City life in the woods
  40. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  41. Socio-technical city of the future
  42. Buji River
  43. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  44. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  45. Maritime Campus Almere
  46. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  47. Sijthoff
  48. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  49. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  50. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  51. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  52. Fish Market Leuven
  53. Zinder Culture Cluster
  54. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  55. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  56. Strategic Plan Fier
  57. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  58. Kronenburg Business Park
  59. Dharavi Mumbai
  60. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  61. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  62. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  63. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  64. Berlin Am Volkspark
  65. The Museum of the 20th Century
  66. Gardabaer
  67. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  68. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  69. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  70. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  71. Danxia Recreational Park
  72. Campus Lelystad
  73. Proto Tamansari
  74. City Gardens Tyumen
  75. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  76. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  77. Bandar Lampung Park
  78. R&D Campus Fengxian
  79. S-West Eindhoven
  80. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  81. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
All projects Previous 1 / 84 Next Back to top Show on the map 169 views