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Circular City Bodø 2.0

Bodø Municipality, Norway

Just north of the Arctic Circle in the Nordland county, the town of Bodø has 50000 inhabitants and is surrounded by the Norwegian Sea, picturesque mountains, and the forest. Current plans to relocate Bodø MAS - the Norwegian military airbase - by 2022 offer a unique opportunity to incorporate a substantial part of the previously excluded central area with the rest of the urban fabric.

Developed as a collaboration between Nordic Office of Architecture, Buro Happold, KOHT, and Felixx, Bodø - Circular City 2.0 emerged in response to this opportunity. The proposal transforms existing airbase into a healthy, sustainable, and vibrant district with 15000 new homes and 20000 new jobs. The area adds significant amount of real estate and amenities to the existing town center.

Three Circular Identities

Relocation of the airport opens up nearly 300 hectares - the biggest amount of prime land available for development in recent history. This will change the entire dynamic of the town currently a transportation hub wedged between the harbor and the airport. Reintegration of the new area will allow Bodø to realize its potential as attractive capital of the North, with the ambition to become a pioneering world-class smart and green city.

Understanding and developing appropriate management strategy based on its unique position and resources will help Bodø become a future-proof, climate adapted, resilient community and create conditions that will bring it in line with the national, local and the 2040 UN Sustainability Goals.

Sharing and collaboration are the key elements in this strategy. Innovative links between future functions will lead to synergies and add value to the entire town making it more self-sufficient. 

We propose three circular strategies for Bodø:

  • Knowledge of nature: ample opportunities for a meaningful interaction with nature in the form of sustainable food production, educational and recreational experience.
  • Social robustness and adaptability: new workplaces that facilitate innovative approaches to work and production based on the principles of circular economy.
  • Sustainable industry and clean connectivity: production of clean energy in synergy with social functions and processes.

Three circular strategies for Bodø: Sustainable Industry, Social Robustness and Knowledge of Nature

 

The new landscape

The vision for the green open space includes a continuous green framework connecting the new neighborhoods with the town center and the natural environment. The framework contains three green park typologies with specific programs and new activities for the residents of Bodø: The Bunkerpark, the Naturpark and the Produktivpark.

Bunker Park: A major recreational zone is envisioned for the southern part of town along the Saltfjorden area containing the remains of the military bunkers. The park plan proposes to convert the bunkers for indoor recreation and repurpose the existing hills and the surrounding areas for summer activities.

Nature Park: The park landscape is dominated by the trajectory of the Bodøgårdselva river arriving from the mountains.  New routes inside the park will be connected with the path system of the new neighbourhoods linking the town with the greater natural areas around Bodø.

Productive Park: An urban agriculture in the middle of the new neighbourhood will connect the industrial area, the living district and the waterfront. The productive green will include open green spaces; greenhouses for local food production; infrastructure for water collection; and facilities for purification and reuse of rain and snow water. Elements of the new green infrastructure will emerge as new landmarks to complement the skyline of Bodø.

 

Intelligent circulation promoting public health

Bodø development scenario proposes three spatial loop structures connecting the city center with the new district and its landscape. The loops fulfill different functions: a smart mobility loop; a recreation loop; and a culture and knowledge loop. All three complement the green qualities of Bodø, the river and the mountains.

Toolbox
Creating circular environment in an arctic climate poses certain challenges. At first glance, most resources are scarce and hard to manage. To help identify, source and optimize the use of cultural, technical, and natural resources in particular, we developed a circular strategy organized as a toolbox. Its objective is to provide actionable circular and sustainable principles for the enhancement of living conditions in the city; strengthening of environmental awareness; better integration of landscape; and the overall improvement of human wellbeing.

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The toolbox consists of design typologies that can be gradually implemented as the city develops. Every typology can be realized individually or in conjunction with others, increasing their synergy and cumulative impact. Implementation of typologies will promote greater understanding of the environment and better management of scarce resources in the extreme Arctic conditions. This methodology will facilitate environmental resilience, adaptability and self-sufficiency of the local communities in the developing town.

Year

2020

Location

Olav V gate 159, 8004 Bodø, Norway

Type

Research, Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Bodø Municipality

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Natalia Andreeva
Zofia Krzykawska
Maria E. Castrillo
Nordic - Office of Architecture 
KOHT architecten
BuroHappold

List
  1. Design Guide Public Space, Groningen
  2. Eemsdelta Campus
  3. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  4. Railroad Zone Amsterdam
  5. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  6. Rijnvliet, Edible Neighborhood
  7. Healthy Tracks
  8. Towards a healthy city by foot
  9. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  10. The Unbound Amsterdam
  11. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  12. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  13. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  14. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  15. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  16. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  17. Jonas Amsterdam
  18. A green entrance for the airport
  19. Public Space Alpen
  20. Cartesius Quarter
  21. Isle of Dikes
  22. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  23. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  24. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  25. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  26. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  27. City Square Tyumen
  28. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  29. Strategic Urban Green Study
  30. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  31. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  32. ImageWharf
  33. Ódinstorg Square
  34. Overloon War Museum
  35. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  36. Ludlstrasse Munich
  37. Yaanila Country Park
  38. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  39. Villa Garden
  40. City life in the woods
  41. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  42. Socio-technical city of the future
  43. Buji River
  44. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  45. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  46. Maritime Campus Almere
  47. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  48. Sijthoff
  49. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  50. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  51. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  52. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  53. Fish Market Leuven
  54. Zinder Culture Cluster
  55. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  56. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  57. Strategic Plan Fier
  58. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  59. Kronenburg Business Park
  60. Dharavi Mumbai
  61. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  62. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  63. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  64. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  65. Berlin Am Volkspark
  66. The Museum of the 20th Century
  67. Gardabaer
  68. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  69. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  70. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  71. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  72. Danxia Recreational Park
  73. Campus Lelystad
  74. Proto Tamansari
  75. City Gardens Tyumen
  76. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  77. Agricultural Innovation Campus
  78. Bandar Lampung Park
  79. R&D Campus Fengxian
  80. S-West Eindhoven
  81. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  82. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
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