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Circular City Bodø 2.0

Bodø Municipality, Norway

Just north of the Arctic Circle in the Nordland county, the town of Bodø has 50000 inhabitants and is surrounded by the Norwegian Sea, picturesque mountains, and the forest. Current plans to relocate Bodø MAS - the Norwegian military airbase - by 2022 offer a unique opportunity to incorporate a substantial part of the previously excluded central area with the rest of the urban fabric.

Developed as a collaboration between Nordic Office of Architecture, Buro Happold, KOHT, and Felixx, Bodø - Circular City 2.0 emerged in response to this opportunity. The proposal transforms existing airbase into a healthy, sustainable, and vibrant district with 15000 new homes and 20000 new jobs. The area adds significant amount of real estate and amenities to the existing town center.

Three Circular Identities

Relocation of the airport opens up nearly 300 hectares - the biggest amount of prime land available for development in recent history. This will change the entire dynamic of the town currently a transportation hub wedged between the harbor and the airport. Reintegration of the new area will allow Bodø to realize its potential as attractive capital of the North, with the ambition to become a pioneering world-class smart and green city.

Understanding and developing appropriate management strategy based on its unique position and resources will help Bodø become a future-proof, climate adapted, resilient community and create conditions that will bring it in line with the national, local and the 2040 UN Sustainability Goals.

Sharing and collaboration are the key elements in this strategy. Innovative links between future functions will lead to synergies and add value to the entire town making it more self-sufficient. 

We propose three circular strategies for Bodø:

  • Knowledge of nature: ample opportunities for a meaningful interaction with nature in the form of sustainable food production, educational and recreational experience.
  • Social robustness and adaptability: new workplaces that facilitate innovative approaches to work and production based on the principles of circular economy.
  • Sustainable industry and clean connectivity: production of clean energy in synergy with social functions and processes.

Three circular strategies for Bodø: Sustainable Industry, Social Robustness and Knowledge of Nature

 

The new landscape

The vision for the green open space includes a continuous green framework connecting the new neighborhoods with the town center and the natural environment. The framework contains three green park typologies with specific programs and new activities for the residents of Bodø: The Bunkerpark, the Naturpark and the Produktivpark.

Bunker Park: A major recreational zone is envisioned for the southern part of town along the Saltfjorden area containing the remains of the military bunkers. The park plan proposes to convert the bunkers for indoor recreation and repurpose the existing hills and the surrounding areas for summer activities.

Nature Park: The park landscape is dominated by the trajectory of the Bodøgårdselva river arriving from the mountains.  New routes inside the park will be connected with the path system of the new neighbourhoods linking the town with the greater natural areas around Bodø.

Productive Park: An urban agriculture in the middle of the new neighbourhood will connect the industrial area, the living district and the waterfront. The productive green will include open green spaces; greenhouses for local food production; infrastructure for water collection; and facilities for purification and reuse of rain and snow water. Elements of the new green infrastructure will emerge as new landmarks to complement the skyline of Bodø.

 

Intelligent circulation promoting public health

Bodø development scenario proposes three spatial loop structures connecting the city center with the new district and its landscape. The loops fulfill different functions: a smart mobility loop; a recreation loop; and a culture and knowledge loop. All three complement the green qualities of Bodø, the river and the mountains.

Toolbox
Creating circular environment in an arctic climate poses certain challenges. At first glance, most resources are scarce and hard to manage. To help identify, source and optimize the use of cultural, technical, and natural resources in particular, we developed a circular strategy organized as a toolbox. Its objective is to provide actionable circular and sustainable principles for the enhancement of living conditions in the city; strengthening of environmental awareness; better integration of landscape; and the overall improvement of human wellbeing.

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The toolbox consists of design typologies that can be gradually implemented as the city develops. Every typology can be realized individually or in conjunction with others, increasing their synergy and cumulative impact. Implementation of typologies will promote greater understanding of the environment and better management of scarce resources in the extreme Arctic conditions. This methodology will facilitate environmental resilience, adaptability and self-sufficiency of the local communities in the developing town.

Year

2020

Location

Olav V gate 159, 8004 Bodø, Norway

Type

Research, Masterplan, Infrastructure, Landscape, Public Space

Client

Bodø Municipality

Team & partners

Michiel Van Driessche
Marnix Vink
Deborah Lambert
Eduardo Marin Salinas
Natalia Andreeva
Zofia Krzykawska
Maria E. Castrillo
Nordic - Office of Architecture 
KOHT architecten
BuroHappold

List
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  2. Vief Kwartier
  3. The Newton
  4. Regulateur Gruno district
  5. Eemsdelta Campus
  6. Jonas Amsterdam
  7. K64 keflavík airport area masterplan
  8. Railroad Zone Amsterdam
  9. From node to place
  10. Masterplan Flora Campus Westland
  11. Alongside the Schie
  12. New Space - Design Guideline Liveability of Public Space, Groningen
  13. From Airport to Birdport
  14. Brainport Industries Campus
  15. Hondsrug Park Amsterdam
  16. Yangmeikeng Sea Boulevard
  17. Healthy Tracks
  18. Towards a healthy city by foot
  19. Floating Gardens, Amsterdam
  20. The Unbound Amsterdam
  21. Seaside Gardens, Gufunes
  22. Brainport Smart District Helmond
  23. The Swan, Zwolle (NL)
  24. Spatial Framework Blankenburg Süden, Berlin
  25. 'Typhoon-proof' Shenzhen's East Coast
  26. Circular City Bodø 2.0
  27. A green entrance for the airport
  28. Public Space Alpen
  29. Cartesius Quarter
  30. Isle of Dikes
  31. Smakkelaarsveld Utrecht
  32. Darmstadt Masterplan 2030+
  33. Bao’An G107 Corridor
  34. Master Plan Ter Aar, Nieuwkoop
  35. Waterfront Novosibirsk
  36. City Square Tyumen
  37. Almazov National Medical Research Centre
  38. Strategic Urban Green Study
  39. Public Space Strategy Kanpur
  40. Quartierlandschaft Dietenbach
  41. ImageWharf
  42. Ódinstorg Square
  43. Overloon War Museum
  44. Lokhalle Leverkusen
  45. Ludlstrasse Munich
  46. Yaanila Country Park
  47. Redevelopment Strategy Vogabyggð
  48. Villa Garden
  49. City life in the woods
  50. Schie Quarter Schiedam
  51. Socio-technical city of the future
  52. Buji River
  53. Vaskhnil Novosibirsk
  54. Precincts Canterbury Cathedral
  55. Maritime Campus Almere
  56. Resilient Riverscape Berat
  57. Sijthoff
  58. Strategic Plan Shkodra
  59. Ekaterinburg City Campus
  60. Transformation Strategy Gufunes
  61. Transformation Strategy Chelyabinsk
  62. Fish Market Leuven
  63. Zinder Culture Cluster
  64. Food Innovation Strip Ede-Wageningen
  65. S4 Highway Hangzhou
  66. Strategic Plan Fier
  67. Strategic Plan Elbasan
  68. Kronenburg Business Park
  69. Dharavi Mumbai
  70. Masterplan Smáralind Mall
  71. Urban Test Farm Emmen
  72. Ásbrú Enterprise Park
  73. Asylum Seekers Center Ter Apel
  74. Berlin Am Volkspark
  75. The Museum of the 20th Century
  76. Gardabaer
  77. Metropolitan Westerpark Amsterdam
  78. Science and Technology City Chongqing
  79. Yue Xiu 353 Transformation
  80. 5YN3RGY
  81. Erlongshan Recreational Park
  82. Danxia Recreational Park
  83. Campus Lelystad
  84. Proto Tamansari
  85. City Gardens Tyumen
  86. Park Somerlust Amsterdam
  87. Bandar Lampung Park
  88. R&D Campus Fengxian
  89. S-West Eindhoven
  90. Biodiversity based dairy farming
  91. Heidelberg Creative Quarter
  92. Barendrecht Vrouwenpolder
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